In addition, the Air Pollution Control Act in Austria provides for the even stricter limit of 35 micrograms NO2 per cubic meter of air.

21 marca 2020   Bez kategorii

In addition, the Air Pollution Control Act in Austria provides for the even stricter limit of 35 micrograms NO2 per cubic meter of air.

  • Yes
  • If it is not introduced across the board, yes
  • No

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The EU limit value is 40 micrograms NO2. In addition, the Air Pollution Control Act in Austria provides for the even stricter limit of 35 micrograms NO2 per cubic meter of air. In the previous year, this was exceeded at 17 measuring points, the VCÖ informed in a broadcast. „” Affected are regions along the transit highways on the one hand and traffic-related measuring points in cities on the other, „said VCÖ expert Ulla Rasmussen.

The highest NO2 pollution was in Tyrol in Vomp on the Inntal motorway (A12) with an annual mean value of 54 micrograms NO2 per cubic meter of air, informs the VCÖ. The second highest value was measured in Hallein on the Tauern autobahn (A10) (49), the third highest in the city of Salzburg on the western autobahn (A1) and in Linz at the Römerberg measuring point (46 each).

„The diesel driving ban is also the result of the diesel scandal”

The EU- Limit Exceeded. Austria’s limit value (35 micrograms NO2) was also not complied with in Lustenau, Innsbruck, Feldkirch, Klagenfurt, Hall and Lienz, reported the VCÖ.

Following the ruling by the Federal Administrative Court in Germany on diesel driving bans, the VCÖ is calling for more measures in Austria to reduce nitrogen dioxide pollution. NO2 can lead to respiratory diseases, asthma, bronchitis, lung damage, cardiovascular diseases and heart attacks.

„” The diesel driving ban is also the result of the diesel scandal. In recent years, manufacturers have brought diesel cars onto the market that emit many times more pollutants on the road than the emissions tests in the laboratory. The emission standards were not introduced to ensure clean air in the test laboratories, but to improve the air quality in the cities and along the transit routes, „said Rasmussen.

The chairman of the industry division of the Upper Austrian Chamber of Commerce, Günter Rübig, warned against rushing action in Austria following the German judgment on diesel driving bans on Wednesday. In a press release he referred to the great economic importance of diesel engines for Austria as a business location.

Norbert Hofer against a driving ban for diesel

Transport Minister Norbert Hofer are critical of the decision from Germany. The owners of diesel vehicles cannot be declared a blanket scapegoat. The majority of vehicle owners are dependent on their vehicle, Hofer said in a broadcast on Wednesday. Hofer cannot imagine measures like in the neighboring country – „The decision on local driving bans is made by the cities, but in Austria there is no serious advice on measures comparable to those in Germany.”

help with essay„The current debate is objectively not justified”

In this country, the „” most modern diesel engines in the world with the lowest emission values ​​are built, „argues Hofer. „” The current debate is objectively unjustified and also endangers jobs in Austria. I ask everyone involved to be objective ”, concluded the Minister of Transport.

According to Köstinger, the German judgment has no consequences for Austria

The German court ruling, according to which diesel driving bans are permitted in conurbations with high air pollution, has no consequences for Austria from the government’s point of view: the situation is not comparable, said Environment Minister Elisabeth Köstinger (ÖVP) on Wednesday in the press foyer after the Council of Ministers. In the meantime, discussions about measures have started again in Graz and Upper Austria.

Köstinger is still not thinking of ending the tax relief for diesel. Topographically, one is only affected in this country in Graz and the Inntal, and there is the so-called Luft-100er, Köstinger referred to already existing legal possibilities. The minister emphasized that they are working on creating stronger incentives to reduce traffic, make the use of public transport more attractive and accelerate the expansion of e-mobility.

Chamber of Commerce warns against rush actions

Accordingly, driving bans in cities would also be a major challenge for companies. Important things and services, such as local supplies, would depend on the subject of vehicles. With more than 2.7 million registered diesel cars, six out of ten cars in Austria would currently be diesel-powered. Rübig calculated that 17.2 billion euros in gross value added in Austria were attributable to diesel engines and 230,000 jobs could also be traced back to diesel engines. Last but not least, a disadvantage of the diesel engine would also affect Upper Austria’s engine manufacturers, their suppliers and, as a result, many employees and their jobs.

„” In our opinion, the diesel engine has fallen into disrepute completely wrongly. The modern diesel engine is efficient and clean, without it the strict EU climate targets cannot be achieved „, argued the industry representative. That is why nothing should be rushed and a reasonable traffic mix should continue to be discussed. „” And that is ideology-free and technology-neutral, „” demanded Rübig.

Meanwhile, the ÖAMTC is again demanding a premium for switching from old diesel models to more modern and environmentally friendly cars. What is needed is an „” eco-bonus new „”, demanded Bernhard Wiesinger, head of the ÖAMTC interest group, in a broadcast. 1.6 million cars of the emission class Euro 3 or worse were on the road in 2016. That is a third of the vehicle population, which is responsible for half of the nitrogen oxide and 95 percent of the fine dust emissions from car traffic. „Rejuvenating this part of the vehicle population would help the environment much more sustainably than driving bans, which can only combat symptoms and not the causes,” says Wiesinger. The ÖAMTC suggests that if a vehicle of exhaust gas classes 0 to 3 is scrapped and a new car from exhaust gas class 6d-TEMP or an electric vehicle is purchased at the same time, a subsidy of 2,000 euros should be paid. The state and the vehicle trade should share the financing.

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Comments

Login Connect with Facebook Markus Wolf Thursday, March 1st. 2018 05:54 report reply

Will there soon be a ban on hobbling and limping for the Hofer?

WhyDoYouCare Wed, Feb 28, 2018 3:25 pm report reply

haha, the article picture speaks 1000 words :)

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Violent thunderstorms, gale-force gusts and heavy rain: what is happening in Europe and the world this year seems apocalyptic. Is climate change now showing itself with all its might?

The day after the storm, the firefighters stand in front of the battlefield, stunned. The light brown wooden wall that was supposed to stabilize the marquee has twisted like a spiral. The beer benches have tipped over, branches and whole trees are scattered on the parquet. The end of a stormy night. Three weeks ago, gale-force gusts of up to 130 km / h swept over the tent festival in the municipality of St. Johann am Walde in the Braunau district in Upper Austria. The rescue came with 150 employees. The Red Cross triggered a disaster alert. 140 visitors were injured and two people died.

The storm uprooted trees, damaged cars and power lines in other parts of Upper Austria and Salzburg as well. 150,000 households were without electricity for hours. Energie AG Oberösterreich (EAG) put the damage at more than 2.5 million euros.

Weather chaos in Austria

Not the only storm this year: on July 30th, gusts of wind reached 165 km / h during a thunderstorm over Innsbruck airport. This is one of the highest values ​​ever measured in Austria. Almost two weeks later, storm gusts of around 100 km / h were measured in thunderstorms in the area from Burgenland via the Vienna Basin to the Weinviertel. An open-air concert in Vienna therefore had to be canceled shortly after it began. The halls of the arena were opened so that visitors did not have to go out to the streets in the event of thunder and lightning. The fire brigade had to move out 200 times in Vienna that night alone. At the same time, more than 55 milliliters of rain came together in Tyrol within 24 hours. For comparison: in an average August it rains around 130 milliliters for the entire month in Innsbruck. And the storm came with the heat: Many Eastern Austrians groaned under high temperatures this August. Weather experts confirm: The summer was the third warmest since measurements began in 1767. In the inner city of Vienna, temperatures above 20 degrees were measured in 28 nights. 16 such tropical nights are normal in summer.

Storm, heavy rain, thunderstorms and heat: weather chaos has ruled for months. The question arises whether these storms are normal? Or is that climate change?

There where you can answer these questions, there is an air temperature of 19.5 degrees on this midday in September. This is shown by the black monitor in the middle of the premises of the Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics (ZAMG), Austria’s general state weather service. Ever since Emperor Franz Joseph approved the facility in 1851, the weather has been monitored and forecast from the Hohe Warte in Vienna’s 19th district. There are now three buildings on the site. From the magnificent building with stucco decorations to the container-like office complex from the 1970s.

Climate change is proven

The door to the 19th century villa is locked. The visitor has to pass two entrances with chip card inquiries before he stands in front of one of the fastest and largest computers in Austria: The SGI ICE X Blade Center, the high-performance computer of ZAMG.

It’s stuffy in the room. The cooling modules roar as if they were aircraft turbines. The supercomputer looks like head-high black and green cabinets, each of them packed with hundreds of processors. They perform 82 trillion arithmetic steps per second, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. It processes weather data from all over Europe. Air pressure values, amounts of precipitation, ground temperatures and wind speeds. Sent from satellites and radars, radiosondes and weather stations. The ZAMG supercomputer cost more than two million euros, and its task is to warn of extreme weather events, to forecast the climate and to make predictions about the spread of dangerous substances after accidents in nuclear power plants.

Ivonne Anders knows exactly what is going on in the closets. She works with the data from the supercomputer on a daily basis and tries to use it to look into the future. Anders sits in her office in the oldest of the three building complexes; she has been working here in the „Climate Research” department for nine years. The 39-year-old scientist from Germany admits that the climate forecast is uncertain and that the question of climate change is not so easy to answer.

Why? A trend would only be considered scientifically robust if it could be proven for a period of at least 30 years. But there is not a lot of data. Either because data was lost due to wars and historical changes or because measurement methods have changed over the past few decades. For climatologists, however, the measuring instrument must always be the same so that they can come to a scientific result, explains Ivonne Anders. Another reason: not every corner of Austria has a weather station. This means that small, local precipitation is sometimes not recorded at all. No supercomputer can help either.

Then there are the changed conditions. „” If you want to know how the climate is developing, you have to know how the earth and humanity are changing. We only have scenarios for this, and they are also uncertain, „says Anders.

So only one thing seems certain: It is getting warmer in Austria. „” The eleven warmest summers recorded since the measurements began were in the past 16 years, „says Anders. Because scientists know that the world is getting warmer, they are certain that the rise in temperature in Austria is also linked to climate change. It has been proven. And the rising temperatures mean that weather extremes increase worldwide.

The year 2017 has already demonstrated this brutally: Last week, Hurricane Irma hit the Caribbean and Florida with hurricane winds, storm surges and even tornadoes (see page 48). Harvey had ravaged Texas and Louisiana in late August. In Southeast Asia, the monsoon season has started with unusually heavy flooding. 2,100 people lost their lives in India, Bangladesh and Nepal. Europe’s southern half suffered from extreme heat in the summer, while one storm followed another in the northern half. Worldwide, weather-related insurance claims have increased 15-fold over the past 30 years. According to figures from Munich Re, the insured losses worldwide in 2016 amounted to around 50 billion US dollars.

Around four million damage has occurred in Austria in the past 16 years. Hardly any federal state is spared from natural disasters. According to Allianz claims statistics, hail has been number one since 2000. That caused 34 percent of the damage. A little less, namely 26 percent, accounted for storm damage. „While the regions from the Innviertel to southern Lower Austria are particularly threatened by storms, the danger of hail is greatest in the Pinzgau region of Salzburg, in the Salzkammergut region and in the Tyrolean Unterland region,” says Beate Sommerer, claims expert and managing director of Allianz customer service.

The regions where the medium-sized rivers on the north side of the Alps flow into the Danube are particularly affected by floods. Beate Sommerer sees a bigger problem in the so-called „” Flash Floods „”. „” These are small, inconspicuous streams across the country that can turn into raging torrents within hours, „says Sommerer. The expert’s forecast is accordingly: natural disasters and the resulting damage will continue to increase.

Pay attention to danger zones

According to a current survey by the Kuratorium für Verkehrssicherheit (KFV), around 73 percent of Austrians feel threatened by extreme weather events.